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Most plant cells do not contain enough sodium to meet the needs of our domestic animals. Therefore all our animals should be fed salt to ensure their good health and best possible production and performance.
The salt in the body
Salt consists of sodium and chloride (NaCl). Sodium is crucial for many important body functions such as regulation of pH in the blood, muscle contraction, nerve impulses, heart rate and absorption of simple sugars and amino acids in the small intestine. Sodium is also the single most important substance for the regulation of fluid balance in the body. Sodium plays a very important role in the uptake of various minerals, trace elements and vitamins. The chloride ion is also very important in the body. It helps to regulate blood pH and it is also a necessary part of hydrochloric acid produced in the stomach, which in turn is needed for digestion.
Salt shortage may initially perceive as diffuse symptoms in animals. The initial signs are impaired feed efficiency, decreased appetite and thirst and, for lactating animals, reduced milk production. Animals can also develop so-called perverse appetite. They lick on the interior or eat soil, manure and/or urine. Prolonged salt shortage gives muscle weakness and uncoordinated movements. Lactating animals are sensitive to salt deficiency because of the milks large content of sodium and chloride. Also animals in training are vulnerable, when large amounts of salt are excreted in the sweat. Temperature affects animal’s need of salt.
Excess salt is excreted in the urine. If too much salt is fed to animals they might become dehydrated. Free excess to water should always be ensured to animals that are fed salt. To encourage an animal to drink more, something sweet, like molasses or unsweetened apple juice, can be mixed into the water. Large excess of salt may cause abnormal thirst, muscle weakness and oedema. The risk of salt poisoning, however, is next to non-existent if the animals have access to water. Poultry and pigs are the animals that are most sensitive to salt excess.
When given free access to salt lick it is difficult to know how much salt the animals actually get. Trials have shown that cows will lick about 30-60 grams, horses lick 20-40 grams and sheep licks 10-15 grams of salt lick per day. However the individual variation was evident. Most animals are able to avail themselves of its maintenance needs if they have free access to salt lick. Animals not able to
support their salt need via salt lick must be fed with salt mixed into the feed. We recommend that all animals should have free access to salt licks all year. Animals with large salt needs should be fed with extra salt. When feeding salt the animals should always have free access to water.
Feed salt Grain Sizes Available: Powder (0-0.2mm), Extra Fine (0-0.5mm), Fine (0-1mm), Small Grain (1-2mm), Medium Grain (2-3mm), Coarse (3-4mm), Extra Coarse (4-6mm)
Colors: Red, Reddish Orange, pink, white
Packing: 10, 25, 50 kg pp bag
1, 2, 5, 10 kg cotton bag,
1, 2, 5 kg plastic jars
1, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30 kg 4ply cartons
Also available in custom Print Packaging